When operating in Israeli airspace, Tel-Aviv FIR, marked as LLLL FIR, please observe the following general IVAO rules:

Language

When only Israeli pilots are flying HEBREW serves as the formal language but when foreign pilots arrive ENGLISH is mandatory, today most of the native pilots can understand and communicate in ENGLISH.


 Frequency

Whenever practicable, UNICOM channel (122.800) should be continuously monitored unless another frequency (ATC station for example) is more appropriate.

Use of Guard channel (121.500) is prohibited.


 Altitudes

All altitudes are above mean sea level (AMSL) in feet.

Transition altitude (TA): 18000ft.

Transition level (TL): FL200.- except over land, over land use Pressure altitude (local QNH)

Israel uses North-South semicircular method, Flighs flying TRACK between 000 degrees to 179 degrees should fly ODD levels (1000,3000,5000…) and those how fly TRACK between 180 degrees to 359 degrees should fly even levels (2000,4000,6000...).


 Local Transponder Codes

The following codes are to be used in the Tel Aviv FIR:

  • Code 0401-0477 Flights from Tel Aviv to Amman FIR

  • Code 3201-3277 Flights transiting (over flights) Tel Aviv FIR
  • Code 4201-4277 When entering Tel Aviv FIR, unless you have assigned code from previous controller.

  • Code 5100 CVFR flights (Unless instructed otherwise by ATC).

    • 5110-5267 CVFR from the North control (Plutu/LLPT_CTR)
    • 5140-5157 CVFR from the TMA area (LLBG/LLSD/LLHZ)
    • 5160-5177 CVFR from the South control area (LLSC_CTR)
  • Code 5000 IFR flight in the ATS routes (unless instructed otherwise by ATC).

    • 5201-5217 North control (Plutu/LLPT_CTR)
    • 5001-5067 TMA area (LLBG/LLSD/LLHZ)
    • 5070-5267 South control area (LLSC_CTR)
  • Code 5270-5277 & 6401-6407 leaving Tel Aviv FIR through the South sector
  • Code 5601-5677 leaving Tel Aviv FIR*
    *any flight that will pass via Turkish airspace (airways UW13A/W13A,UB17/B17,UP42, A16/UA16,M855/UM855) or flight the Cyprus or Cairo
  • Code 7230-7277 leaving Tel Aviv FIR to the west.

Special Codes:

  • Code 7500 Unlawful Interference (Hi-Jack) NOT to be used!
  • Code 7600 Radio Failure
  • Code 7700 Aircraft Emergency

FIR = Flight Information Region

ATS = Air Traffic Services


 Controlled VFR (CVFR)

CVFR flight is used in locations where aviation authorities have determined that VFR flight should be allowed, but that ATC separation and minimal guidance are necessary. In this respect, CVFR is similar to Instrument flight rules (IFR) in that ATC will give pilots headings and altitudes at which to fly, and will provide separation and conflict resolution. However, pilots and aircraft do not need to be IFR rated to fly in CVFR areas, which is highly advantageous.

According to CVFR constant communication with CTR is required, for waypoint report and separations. If none is online, report when passing each reporting point and intention on Unicom 122.80.

Click here for full information about CVFR Flights, be advise that regular VFR flight in LL FIR isn’t allowed.

Speed restrictions`

  • Do not exceed the 180kts IAS within defined CVFR routs, unless you have permission from ATC.


     IFR

Aircraft shall be equipped with suitable instruments and with navigation equipment appropriate to the route to be flown. IFR flight shall be flown not below 2000 ft above the highest obstacle of a mountains area or at least 1000 ft above the highest obstacle located 8km around the estimated position of the aircraft.

Speed restrictions

  • Do not exceed the 250kts IAS below FL100, unless you have permission from ATC.


     ATC Services

The following types of services are provided by the Israeli division certified controller or certified guest controller:

  • Terminal Control Area (TMA)+APP, also known as a Terminal Maneuvering Area (TMA) in Europe, that surrounds the major airport of Ben-Gurion (LLBG).

  • Area Control (ACC). (eg: LLSC_CTR, LLPT_CTR and LLLL_CTR)

  • Aerodrome Control (TWR,GRD). (eg: LLBG_W_GND / LLHZ_TWR)

  • The Israeli ACC service is divided to two regions, North and South. (LLSC - South & LLPT - North; Pluto)

For diagram of ATS classification and full information about ATC in Israel, check out the ISRAEL AIP.


International Arrivals

Flights entering Tel-Aviv FIR, shall arrive at one of the following reporting points:

  1. From the east – SALAM or TALMI.

  2. From the south – NALSO.

  3. From the west or northwest – GITLA, SOLIN, MERVA or DAVAR.

Traffic inbound LLBG/LLSD airports shall arrange to cross waypionts LEDRA/VELOX/ERIMO or abeam these points at or below FL310 (in the Nicosia FIR)

Flight entering Tel-Aviv FIR from points other than those specified above; or flying "off-airways" direct from point to point outside published ATS routs are prohibited unless approved by ATC before enthring the FIR.

For more information regarding arriving and departing routes and heights to LLBG. click here.


Airstrips and Uncontrolled Airfields

When operating at an airstrip/uncontrolled airfield ATC may control the airstrip or the airspace above. If a center controller is connected, but the landing controller isn't, the pilot must contact the center controller, and he will give the pilot his clerance and traffic info only, the pilot will report his actions on UNICOM!

If the airstrip has a tower controller the air strip will be like any “normal” airport.

The airstrips and uncontrolled airfields in Israel are:

  • LLBS – Teyman Airfield (controled by Hatzerim Airbase tower if online)

  • LLMZ – Mezada Airfield

  • LLKS – Kiryat Shmona Airfield

  • LLBO – HaBonim Airfield

  • LLMG – Megiddo Airfield(controled by Ramat David Airbase tower if online)

  • LLES – Eyn Shemer Airfield

  • LLFK – Pik Airstrip

  • LLQZ (LL60 in FSX/P3D) – Qziot Airstrip

  • LLRS – Rishon Airstirp

  • LLEY – Eyn Yahav Airstrip

  • LLYO(LL63 in FSX/P3D) – Yotveta Airstrip

  • LLEZ – Eliaz Airstrip

  • LLCL – Cyclone Airstrip

  • LLSO – Shomrat Airstrip

  • LLTV – Tnuvot Airstrip

  • LLAR(LL1B in FSX/P3D)  – Arad Airstrip (controled by Nevatim Airbase tower if online)

  • LLSH – Shitim Airstrip

  • LLSB – Sde-Boker Airstrip

  • LLMR – Mizpe Ramon

Airstrips NOT in use:

  • Kefar Gallim Highway Strip (Z15C)
  • Mishmar Ayy Highway Strip H (Z15E)
  • Jurish Highway Strip H (Z14Z)

     


     Advanced Notification of arrival to Israel air space

Although Israel IVAO division is thriving to fly As Real As it Gets (ARAIG) and in real life we require pilots to identify not later than 180NM from BGN VOR, we shall not force you down or accompany you outside our air-space accompanied by two fighter jets  in case you failed identification on time. In case you want to practice ARAIG check if one of the following FIR/ACC is online (LLLL_CTR, LLBG_APP, LLBG_TMA, LLSC_CTR) and follow the guidance herein:

Click Here for the full information page about Tel-Aviv Identifiction and a “how to” guide.