Flying VFR in Israel is a bit different from flying VFR in other countries. Israel is a small state with special political situation and national security reasons. It has a small crowded airspace, shared by both military and civilian aviation. Due to that, Israel has special flight rules and regulations.

North CVFR Map - English

South CVFR Map - English

General C.V.F.R flight rules.

All domestic VFR flights are classified as C.V.F.R – "Controlled Visual Flight Rules" which means:

  • All VFR aircrafts must establish and maintain radio contact with ATC as long as they are airborne.
  • All VFR aircrafts must have a transponder with mode C on board.

In Israel you may fly VFR along predefined routes only. In ISRAEL CVFR map one may find route lines with different colors and line types:

  • Green continuous line: A route for both civilian and military traffic.
  • Green dashed line: route for both civilian and military traffic, by special ATC clearance only.
  • Blue continuous line: A route for military traffic only. Civilian aircraft may fly on such route only if the pilot got special ATC clearance.
  • Blue dashed line: route for both civilian and military traffic, by special ATC clearance only.

Altitudes: Most of the routes are bi-directional and has an assigned altitude for each direction. Altitude separation between inbound and outbound traffic is typically 500 feet. Assigned altitudes are marked as yellow filled rectangles with arrow pointing the assigned altitude direction.  The assigned altitude is marked in the rectangle.

Directions: In most routes directions are defined by magnetic course. The magnetic course for each airway is marked near the start point of each leg. Some routes are defined by roads or other visual references that should be followed along the airway. In these cases there is no defined magnetic course for the airway.

Distances: Distances between waypoints are marked with black bold number, near the route line.

Speed Restrictions: Maximum allowed airspeed for civil traffics on CVFR routes in ISRAEL is 180 knots, indicated air speed.

Reporting Waypoints: Along CVFR routes one may find reporting waypoints marked as yellow or black filled triangles. Black filled triangle means- mandatory reporting waypoint. Yellow filled triangles means - on request reporting waypoint. One should report ATC overflying a yellow waypoint only if he was asked by ATC to do.

When reporting waypoint overflying to ATC, the radio massage will include:

  1. waypoint name.
  2. altitude.
  3. next waypoint.

Waypoints are indentified by visual references on the ground such as roads, railroads, rivers, lakes, interchanges, cities small settlements and villages etc. Plan your flight and do your preflight carefully. Use the map and find visual references around waypoints. These visual references will help you to identify waypoints along the route in flight.

Altitude change waypoints: An altitude change is required when flying along routes with different assigned altitudes. When ATC service is online, aircrafts may start climb or descend to the new assigned altitude by ATC clearance only. If the voice channel is busy or if there is no ATC service online, aircraft must initiate climb/descend when crossing the first waypoint of the route segment that has a different assigned altitude.

ATC Frequency Switching Waypoints: ATC coverage for CVFR flights in ISRAEL is based on airports towers with CTR region boundaries and general air space control centers dedicated for VFR traffic only. One exception is Ben Gurion airport . It has also approach control for IFR flights and TMA control for VFR flights that cross the airport Terminal area.

 

Israel CVFR ATC center includes:

North sector: PLUTO _CTR (LLPT_CTR on IVAO). South sector: LLSC_CTR.

If there is no PLUTO or SOUTH controller online, TEL-AVIV control (LLLL_CTR) will be the regional ATC service: If neither LLLL_CTR is online, use Unicom (on 122.80 MHz) for ATC reporting.

ATC Frequency change waypoints are assigned with a magenta line or arrow: The line or arrow is attached to the Frequency change waypoints. The arrow points towards the new ATC region with the new frequency.

Joining /departing to/from airport's C.T.R-s: Joining or departing from a CTR is only via predefined Waypoints and altitudes. In each Airport there are some exit/enter waypoints typically one waypoint for each general direction. For example: from Haifa airport towards the south you will exit the CTR via Darom at 2000 feet.  North-east bound traffic will leave Haifa CTR via Gil'am junction at 1500 feet. ALL enter/exit waypoints are detailed in the Domestic AIP publications.  Usually, CTR entering traffics will be directed to join traffic pattern before landing. In some cases one may be directed to final approach of a runway.

Departing aircraft will be directed to the exit waypoint at the assigned altitude – before take off.

Arriving aircraft will be directed to one of the traffic pattern legs at a desired altitude. First radio massage from tower to arriving aircraft contains four types of data:

  1. Runway in use.
  2. Leg to join in traffic pattern.
  3. Initial altitude when joining traffic pattern.
  4. Altimeter setting.
  5. Transition from IFR route to CVFR route.

An aircraft flying on ATS route with IFR flight rules may land at airport that is not classified as IFR capabilities airfield – only if weather conditions at the airport are VMC.

The pilot may switch from IFR route to CVFR route only where the two routes are aligned or closely aligned vertically. The pilot will declare cancelation of IFR flight plan and will be instructed by ATC to descend to the assigned CVFR route altitude and will be asked to report next waypoint.

Filling a flight plan for CVFR flight in ISRAEL:

Since there is no name for each route, in route description pilots should list all waypoints on their planned routes.

Altitude: in the altitude fill in the highest assigned altitude in your planned route.

Clearance will be issued by the tower usually, or by higher stage ATC station that is online. In first radio contact please mention the phrase "low altitudes" so that the controller will know that you intend to fly CVFR flight.